How Much Sleep Do I Need?
Judgment, impulses, reaction times, hand-eye coordination and attention spans can all become impaired when you are sleep deprived.
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The hours of sleep we need on a daily basis varies depending on many factors, but mainly on our age and our current state of health. If we expect the sleep we do get to be
beneficial, however, those hours of sleep must consist of quality sleep. If you are getting the suggested amount of sleep each night but
still feel groggy or irritable or you cannot concentrate, there's a good chance you aren't getting enough deep sleep.
When we were newborns, we needed the most aleep. This is why we spent the majority of our days somewhere in dreamland.
Most newborns will sleep about 4 hours, then get up, or, rather, get us up, for a feeding, then they'll go right back to sleep for another few hours, then wake for a feeding, or to get changed, or to play...or to make us play with them. Then it's back to the old sleep grind.
During a 24-hour period, newborns will generally spend somewhere between 14 and 16 hours sleeping...on average.
It's not until an infant gets to be between 3 to 6 months old that he or she can make it through an entire night without waking, which means parents can begin "catching up" on THEIR sleep!
Even though sleeping through the night, infants still spend a good part of their days asleep, sleeping between 10 - 14 hours.
Believe it or not, children and teen-agers really should be getting
this amount of sleep as well. After taking into consideration a child's
or teen's schooling and other activities, a solid 10 hours of sleep is
sufficient for most. Interestingly, what has been perceived for years
as laziness in teen-agers is turning out to be something more
physiological. Studies are showing that more sleep seems to be
necessary because of all the growth and hormonal changes taking place
in a teen's body.
Adults need the least amount of sleep, and should feel lucky (as well
as refreshed) if they can get around 8 or 8 ½ hours of sleep
each night. In some cultures, people reduce the number of hours they
sleep during the nighttime by an hour or so and make up the difference
by taking a midday nap. Either way, the sum still equals around 8 hours
Older adults need about the same amount of sleep each day as adults, around 8. Women who are pregnant should increase the amount of sleep they get by about 3 hours.
You'll know you are getting enough sleep each day if you wake up
feeling refreshed. If you find that you have trouble staying focused,
or it takes only a few minutes to fall deep into sleep, or that you
"nod off" during the day, chances are you're not getting enough sleep.
Sleep deprivation can have serious consequences. If you are driving, for example, your reflexes may be slower, your eyes may stay closed longer when you
blink and your chances of becoming involved in an accident increase.
Consuming alcohol while sleep deprived is not advisable since alcohol compounds these problems. Judgment, impulses, reaction times, hand-eye
coordination and attention spans can all become impaired when you are sleep deprived. Serious sleep deprivation can result in hallucinations.
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Page Updated 6:57 PM Monday 9/26/2016